Failed Back Surgery Syndrome Causes and Symptoms

The Causes of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Failed back surgery syndrome can result from many causes. Some of those could be:

  • Inaccurate diagnosis of your back pain
  • Spinal fusion failure
  • Failure to decompress the area around the exiting nerve (also known as Lateral Recess Stenosis)
  • Surgery was performed on the wrong area of the spine
  • Pain developed in the area above the surgery site (also known as Adjacent Segment Disease)
  • Scar tissue formed at the incision site
  • Not all of the damaged disc was removed and it’s still pinching a nerve
  • The surgery created nerve damage in your back

Symptoms of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

The pain a patient may be experiencing because of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome will depend on what kind of surgery they had and what condition was supposed to be treated. It might be a dull ache in your back or a stabbing pain. It might be in one area of your back or radiate into your legs. Other symptoms of FBSS might include:

  • Chronic pain lasting six months or more
  • Pain that’s centered above or below the area that was treated
  • Decreased range of motion and mobility
  • Aching in your legs, neck, or back
  • Sharp or stabbing pains in your back
  • Back spasms
  • Taking more and more medication to manage your pain


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