Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Dysfunction
There are many different terms for sacroiliac joint problems. You might hear your spine specialist refer to it as:
- SI joint dysfunction
- SI joint strain
- SI joint syndrome
- SI joint inflammation
The name used will correspond to your specific condition and what’s causing the pain in your sacroiliac joint.
The SI joint is in your lower back. It is the joint where your sacrum and ilium meet. The sacrum is the vertebra at the end of your spine while the ilium is made up of three bones at the top of your pelvis.
This joint helps to support the weight of your body across your pelvis, sort of like a shock absorber for the spine. The bones that make up this joint can become misaligned, though, and cause joint pain, particularly in the lower back. It’s commonly a sharp pain that starts in your hips and moves down into your thighs. You might also experience numbness, tingling, or a feeling that your legs are going to give out underneath you.
What Is Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction?
Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is also referred to as SI joint dysfunction. It’s a term used to discuss pain or discomfort in the region of the sacroiliac joint. This pain usually occurs in the lower back, groin and hips. It may also result in increased urinary frequency, prickling, numbness and joint inflammation, which is known as sacroiliitis.
The symptoms usually grow severe. That’s why we offer sacroiliac joint dysfunction pain management in NJ. With our professional SI joint dysfunction treatment, patients experience relief from pains that occur while standing, lying down or sitting for a prolonged period.
What Causes Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction?
While carrying out sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosis in NJ, we discovered that the following factors can increase the risk of developing this condition:
- Osteoarthritis: Repeated stress on the SI joint can cause the cartilage to wear out and result in osteoarthritis. This process is linked to aging, and it can lead to sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
- Gout: This disease is a form of arthritis that occurs due to excessive amounts of uric acid in the body. It can lead to severe pain in different joints as well as the SI joint.
- Pregnancy: During pregnancy, a hormone called relaxin is released to enlarge the pelvis in preparation for birth. It causes the joints to be less stable. That, coupled with the mother’s weight gain and pressure from the weight of the baby, can cause the SI joint to become painful.
- Abnormal walking: Walking without balance because a leg is shorter than the other or because you put more pressure on one leg can cause SI joint pain.
What Are the Best SI Joint Dysfunction Treatment Options?
SI joint dysfunction treatment in NJ focuses on relieving pain and restoring normal mobility at the joint. Most SI joint pain management in NJ can be done with non-surgical treatments. Some treatments that provide effective sacroiliac joint dysfunction pain relief include the following:
- Applying ice: When ice is applied to the lower back or pelvis, it can help minimize inflammation and relieve pain.
- Applying heat: Heat may help alleviate pain by reducing muscle spasms and tension when it’s applied to the joint.
- Taking pain-relieving medication: Some pain-relieving drugs, like acetaminophen and ibuprofen, can offer relief. Other medications, like muscle relaxants and narcotic painkillers, may also help relieve severe pain.
- Using manipulation: Manual manipulation by a specialist can provide relief from pain when SI joint dysfunction is caused by inadequate motion.
- Employing braces and supports: When the joint is very loose, using a pelvic brace can help stabilize it and reduce pain and inflammation.
- Opting into injections: For a reduction in inflammation, anti-inflammatory medication may be combined with local anesthetic and injected at the joint.
These and other SI joint pain treatment methods in NJ have been used by our spine experts to bring comfort and relief to patients. Contact Spine Institute of North America for more information.