Kyphoplasty relieves spinal compression fractures by using a surgical filling of the vertebrae, which restores the original shape and configuration. Kyphoplasty is similar to Vertebroplasty and is a minimally invasive spine surgery option. During a Kyphoplasty procedure, your spinal specialist will insert a needle which is guided by an x-ray and targets the damaged vertebra in your back. Then, the doctor will insert a special bone cement. For a kyphoplasty, the doctor will first inflate a balloon into the compression fracture, then fill the balloon with the bone cement. Different physicians have different preferences between Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty, so discuss your options with your specialist.