Sciatica or sciatic pain and symptoms are associated with a pinched or compressed spinal nerve root (exiting nerve) from the spinal cord. Your spinal cord stems from the base of your skull and travels through the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions of your back. Between each vertebra, at each level, a pair of spinal nerves exit through holes in the bone of the spine called the foramen on both sides of the spinal column. These nerves are called nerve roots or radicular nerves.
The sciatic nerve is an extension of the exiting nerve and anatomically runs down both legs, connecting to muscle and tendons into your hip, buttock, thigh, knee, calf, and foot. The main cause of sciatica nerve pain is a herniated disc compressing or pinching a nerve root. Sciatica can be present in one or both legs. Another common term used to describe this pain is radicular pain or radiculitis (nerve root inflammation). Radicular pain is usually secondary to inflammation or compression of a spinal nerve. This pain is often deep and steady and usually reproduced with certain positions and activities such as walking or sitting. Once a nerve dysfunction is documented by a physician, the condition is referred to radiculopathy. There are treatments available at the Spine Institute of North American for sciatica nerve pain. You can contact us to make your appointment today and learn more about sciatica treatment options.
What Is Sciatica?
Sciatica is a form of sharp pain felt in areas like the lower back, buttocks, at the back of the thigh and behind the knee. Also known as sciatic nerve pain, it occurs when the sciatic nerve gets irritated. This large nerve starts at the lower part of the spinal cord and goes down through the buttocks to the lower limbs.
What Are the Causes of Sciatica?
Sciatic nerve pain is caused by a variety of lower back conditions, including the following:
- Herniated disc: When lumbar disc herniation presses directly on the sciatic nerve, it can lead to inflammation or irritation of the nerve. This issue is also known as radiculopathy — a feeling of numbness, tingling or weakness in the legs.
- Spinal stenosis: This problem occurs in older adults. Spinal stenosis is a type of nerve compression disorder. It leads to leg pain during walking or standing.
- Spondylolisthesis: This disorder affects the lower part of the back. It occurs when a vertebra slips forward over another vertebra adjacent to it.
- Trauma: Trauma from injuries sustained during sports, motor vehicle accidents or falling can cause nerve compression, especially when there are fragments of broken spinal bones.
What Is the Best Sciatic Nerve Pain Treatment in NJ?
Come to us for prompt sciatic nerve pain relief in NJ when you have a severe condition that you need to get treated promptly. By visiting us, you can prevent the problem from becoming worse. We’ll use the best sciatica pain relief methods for your condition. Nonsurgical sciatica treatment in NJ, like exercise and medication, can help relieve pain. Here are some of the treatment options available to you:
- Heat or ice: Heat or ice packs may be used to relieve leg pain, particularly when the pain has just started. Patients who need sciatica pain relief in Marlton, NJ, and the surrounding region can use both ice and heat. For you to avoid ice burn, the ice needs to be wrapped in a cloth.
- Chiropractic or physical therapy: These methods are used to provide better alignment of the spinal column and address the conditions causing the sciatic nerve pain.
- Pain medication: Prescription medication helps alleviate sciatica pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen can reduce inflammation associated with this condition. Narcotic medications may also be used to relieve pain for a few weeks. These medications for sciatica pain relief in East Brunswick, NJ, and beyond are available as over-the-counter drugs.
- Epidural steroid injection: When pain is severe, an epidural steroid injection may be used to deal with inflammation. Although it provides temporary relief, it can help to relieve acute pain so that the patient can proceed with an exercise or physical therapy program. If epidural steroid injections fail to relieve pain, endoscopic procedures may be needed.
Contact us at Spine Institute of North America for more information and to discuss sciatica treatment in NJ.